Zig Zag Bhatta Price

zig zag Bhatta price depends on your city. In India, the price of the material is different for each city.
If you want to make zig-zag kiln then the below material will be required.

zig zag Bhatta price depends on your location.

zig-zag Bhatta price in India


It will cost Rs 30 lakhs to make Zig Zig Bhatta. As per the Government of India rule, you will always have to convert the allowance into Zig Zig Allowance.

zig zag Bhatta (kiln) offers a 15-20% reduction in Specific Energy Consumption and up to 80% reduction in SPM emissions over FC-BTK.

A higher percentage of Class first bricks are produced as compared to FC-BTK (80-85% Class first bricks as compared to 55-60% in FC-BTK).

There is an option for easy Convert of FC-BTK to natural draught Zig-zag kiln and Savings from reduced fuel consumption and an increase in revenue due to a higher percentage of Class I bricks.

The capital cost of retrofitting of existing FC-BTKs ranges from INR 10-25 lakhs and pays back in 3 months-2 years. 

The payback period for the new construction of Zig-zag kiln is 2-3 years. Zig-zag kiln required skilled manpower for its operation.

However, the same workforce working in FC-BTK can be easily trained for operating Zig-zag kilns.

four persons are required for firing at a 6 -hour shift. Natural Draught Zigzag firing kiln is a moving fire kiln in which the fire moves in a closed rectangular circuit.

It has many similarities with FCBTK technology; the main difference being the zigzag airflow path.

The bricks are stacked in such a manner to guide the airflow in a zigzag path.

Zig zag Bhatta flow increases the airflow path length and turbulence in the air, thereby resulting in improved combustion & heat transfer rate and uniform temperature across the kiln cross-section.

 the long firing zone and fuel feeding practice improve the combustion efficiency of the kiln.

The main innovation in natural draught zigzag kiln is that while the traditionally zigzag firing was done with the assistance of fan draught, in this ki

ln, the zig-zag Bhatta operation is achieved through the chimney draught.

The main advantages of natural draft zigzag kilns are reduced energy consumption, reduced pollutant emissions, and improved product quality


Now two technologies are being used in India

1-zig zag kiln technology

1-high draught kiln technology


Zig Zag Bhatta Company is the only company that makes Zig Zig Bhatta and High Draft Bhatta.


We are making allowances for the last 30 years in India. Every year 30 to 40 allowances are being made all over India


The Indian government has now banned the furnace. Now you have to change the allowance to zig-zag or high draft allowance.

2-high draft technology in India

High Draught Kiln technologies that are more energy-efficient and cause lesser pollution.One such technology named fixed chimney Zig – Zag kiln. The Zig-Zag kiln or the High Draught kiln is similar to firing technologies with essential variations in brick setting patterns where the kiln basic structure remains the same. The principle followed in this family of high draught kiln types is to prolong the travel path of the fire. This high thermal efficiency of the kiln reduces fuel consumption by 25%. The earliest type of this technology was termed as Zig-Zag kiln and high draught kiln developed in the early 1900s. Various reforms were also built which were relatively inexpensive variants adopted by small brick manufacturers. The design of this type of kiln ensures continuous operation of the kiln. zig zag bhatta price
One of the more developed variants was The Habla Kiln. It was essentially an arch less zig-zag kiln patented in 1920 by British Engineer A. Habla. This had very wide and continuous open firing channels. Unlike zig-zag variants, there were no permanently built dividing walls. Thus, the energy savings were higher. However, the most important aspect of this kiln was that bricks could be loaded into the firing spaces through vehicular movement.
In Asian countries of India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Pakistan the High Draught or HD Kiln is the most popular technology of Zig-Zag firing. Their difference with European variation is the absence of any dividing walls. In the European variety of HD kilns, the length of the kiln gallery is increased by zigzagging the chambers and the fire follows a zig-zag path instead of a straight path followed in BTK. In the early 1900s, these types of kilns were widely used in developed countries particularly in Germany and Australia. In Europe, the interior cross-section of the kiln used to be small in original zig-zag kilns (7.5 ft wide x 7.5 ft high) and the kiln used to have 16-20 chambers each 20-25 ft long. Fan draught was provided and the kiln operated on high draught at a very fast rate of fire travel (50-100 ft per day).
The High Draught or HD Kiln in India also follows the Zig-Zag firing concept. The Indian variation has several similarities with the Habla kiln. The kiln consists of a rectangular gallery which is divided into 24 chambers by providing temporary partition walls with green bricks. The wall of each chamber runs along the width of the gallery except one end, wherein a space of 60 to 65 cm is left for communication to the next chamber. Draught is created by an induced draught fan with a 20-35 HP motor for proper combustion of fuel. Depending on the design capacity of a kiln, a chamber can hold 7,500 to 15,000 bricks. Normally, two chambers are fired per day and an output of 15,000 to 30,000 bricks per day can be obtained. When brought to full firing, the kiln operates on a draught of 50 mm Hg.
High Draught kiln is a series of batch process kilns. Hoffmann kilns are the most common kiln used in the production of bricks and some other ceramic products. Patented by German Friedrich Hoffmann for brick making in 1860, it was later used for lime-burning and was known as the Hoffmann continuous kiln. The first Hoffmann kilns were in the form of a great circular ring chamber, with massive walls and a large chimney at the center, to which underground radial flues converged from the inside walls of each of the twelve chambers. The barrel-arched chambers (like a railway tunnel) have several small feed holes in the roof arches through which fine coal could be fed into spaces made among the bricks to be fired.
The Hoffmann kiln is a series of batch process kilns. Hoffmann kilns are the most common kiln used in the production of bricks and some other ceramic products. Patented by German Friedrich Hoffmann for brick making in 1858, it was later used for lime-burning and was known as the Hoffmann continuous kiln.
The first high draught kiln was in the form of a great circular ring chamber, with massive walls and a large chimney at the center, to which underground radial flues converged from the inside walls of each of the twelve chambers. The barrel-arched chambers (like a railway tunnel) have several small feed holes in the roof arches through which fine coal could be fed into spaces made among the bricks to be fired.
Around the outer wall of the kiln were the twelve openings for loading and unloading the individual firing chambers. These chambers were separated from each other by very large metal dampers that could be raised and lowered as the fire moved around the kiln from chamber to chamber.
Once the kiln is lit it is allowed to go out, and the sequence of operation is continuous. At regular intervals, the firing zone is moved forward and the corresponding changes made to the dampers between the chambers and into the chimney.
The chambers were loaded and unloaded move forward in the sequence, and this way heat is extracted from the cooling bricks and also from the hot combustion gases. As the fire passes round the kiln, the chambers in front of the actual firing zone are gradually warmed and the chambers behind cool off slowly.